Презентация Speech Culture

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Слайды и текст этой презентации

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Описание слайда:
Speech Culture & Speech Etiquette

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Speech Culture

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Speech culture is a branch of linguistics, which sets and explains standards of oral and written literary language.

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Two Stages of Speech Culture

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The basis of choice in speech culture is lexical, phraseological and grammatical synonymy. The basis of choice in speech culture is lexical, phraseological and grammatical synonymy.

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The Objective of Speech Culture defining objective language standards in pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar; standards which reflect the traditions enshrined in literature by artists in words; language development trends, which renew the standard.

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What Does Speech Culture Require?

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Content of Speech For evaluating the content of speech, the following criteria can be used:

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Logic of Speech The thought must have a clear structure and also some value. Basic laws of logic must be observed: law of identity, law of sufficient reason, law of contradiction, law of the excluded middle.

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Structure of Speech Mastership in composition can be achieved if you: know the objective, the main idea of your speech, can easily find examples, have great imagination; know the receptor of the speech, can feel and predict the reaction and change the speech composition on the spot because of this reaction; can answer quickly, especially in a dialogue; can be oriented towards the type of speech and the genre of utterance; can feel free during the act of oral speech, can easily use paralinguistic means, gestures, "play" with prosodic means.

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Ability to Use Speech Mechanisms –

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Language Literary Norm Language norm is a set of stable traditional implementations of the language system, selected and fixed in the process of speech in literature – exemplary, classic, fiction, scientific, journalistic; a set of rules and traditions in different areas of the language.

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Communicative Expediency This pragmatic requirement is aimed at achieving the goal of communication – a complete and adequate understanding of speech by the receptor.

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Expressiveness Means of expressiveness: speech loudness and tempo, voice timber, pauses (logical and psychological), intonation, mimics, body language, acting, rhetorical questions, repetitions, parallel constructions, gradation, paradoxes, etc.

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Speech Etiquette

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Speech etiquette is an accepted set of requirements of forms, contents, orders, characters and situational relevance of utterance or expression. Speech etiquette is an accepted set of requirements of forms, contents, orders, characters and situational relevance of utterance or expression.

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Realization of Speech Etiquette Elements at Different Language Levels

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The Dynamics of Conversation Conversation Analysis is based on Politeness of Penelope Brown & Stephen Levinson (1987). Based on Erving Goffman’s notion of face.  It is expected that every speaker attempts to respect the face want of others. There are many ways of performing face saving acts.

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Negative Face Negative Face

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On and Off Record Off record statements are not addressed: “I wonder where I put my pen …” The other can act as if he or she hasn’t heard. On record statements are addressed: “I haven’t got a pen”. Bald on record statements: “Give me a pen”. They are often followed by “mitigating devices” such as “please”, “would you” etc.

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Thank you for your attention!



Теги Speech Culture
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