Презентация The Composite Sentence as a unit of syntax

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Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1
Описание слайда:
The Composite Sentence as a unit of syntax: Form, meaning and function. Means of clause connection

Слайд 2
Описание слайда:
The Composite Sentence !! It differs from the simple sentence: a polypredicative construction. It is a structural, semantic and functional unity of two or more subject-predicate structures (Bloch).

Слайд 3
Описание слайда:
The Composite Sentence: Meaning It is a complex conceptual construction, which reflects two or more situational events. It expresses a complex act of thought -- an act of mental activity, which falls into two or more closely combined intellectual efforts. It reflect two or more situational events, which form a unity.

Слайд 4
Описание слайда:
The Composite Sentence: Form It is a unity of two or more subject-predicate constructions (predicative lines → clauses). A clause corresponds to a separate simple sentence. E.g. He was wearing pyjamas when he came up into the square, but there was nobody to see him. Cf. He was wearing pyjamas. He came up into the square. There was nobody to see him.

Слайд 5
Описание слайда:
The Composite Sentence: Function It is characterised by communicative intention -- to inform of a certain complex situation. (The sequence of simple sentences expresses the events in their natural temporal succession.) !! The order of clauses. >

Слайд 6
Описание слайда:
Means of Clause Connection: Syndetic conjunctions (and, but, because) conjunctive words*: pronouns and adverbs (who, what, where) conjunctive phraseological units (so...that, hardly...when) * Conjunctions do not function as members of a sentence, while conjunctive words do. Conjunctions are used both in complex and compound sentences, while conjunctive words -- only in complex ones. Conj. and conj. words can introduce not only subordinate clauses, but also conjunctive phrases: when in Moscow. The boundary b/w syndetic and asyndetic joining is not clear sometimes. E.g. Tom studied a lot, yet he didn't pass the test. Yet -- a conjunction, an adverb? (Ilyish)

Слайд 7
Описание слайда:
Means of Clause Connection: Asyndetic word order (Had he been here, he would…, I know who he is) tense, phase, mood forms (If he comes...) intonation Asyndetic composite sentences, which consist of similar parts, may have the meaning of enumeration, comparison; of the parts of different type -- more complex semantic relations (in this case intonation is a means of connection).



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