Презентация The Verb

Категория: Английский язык


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The Verb

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What is a verb? A verb is a word which describes the action in a sentence (the doing word) Examples I play football. They skip quickly. We eat spaghetti. Bob is seven today.

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Verb Tenses Verb tenses describe WHEN the action is happening. PRESENT (it’s happening NOW.) PAST (it’s ALREADY happened.) FUTURE (it’s ABOUT to happen.)

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The Types of Verbs

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Action Verb An action verb expresses an activity that a person or thing can do. For example:Lee eats cake. (Eating is something Lee can do.) The bear chased the salmon in the shallow rapids. (Chasing is something the bear can do.)

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Stative Verb A stative verb expresses a state rather than an action. A stative verb typically relates to a state of being, a thought, or an emotion. For example:I am at home. She believes in fairies. He feels elated.

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Transitive Verb A transitive verb is one that acts on something (i.e., it has a direct object). For example:I saw the dog. (the dog - direct object) Lee ate the pie. (the pie - direct object) The postman will give Sarah the letter. (the letter - direct object)

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Intransitive Verb An intransitive verb is one that does not act on something (i.e. there is no direct object). For example: The rain fell. My throat hurts. The cat sneezed.

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Auxiliary Verb An auxiliary verb (or helping verb) accompanies a main verb to help express tense, voice or mood. The most common auxiliary verbs are be, do, and have(in their various forms). Here are some examples of auxiliary verbs: Lee has eaten all the pies. (Here, the auxiliary verb has helps to express tense.) The table has been prepared. (Here, the auxiliary verbs has been help to express voice (in this case, thepassive voice).) If he were to arrive in the next 10 minutes, we would be on schedule. (Here, the auxiliary verbs were and would help to express mood (in this case, the subjunctive mood).)

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Modal Verb A modal verb is a type of auxiliary verb used to express ideas such as ability, possibility, permission, and obligation. The modal auxiliary verbs are can,could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will, and would. For example: Lee can eat a lot of pies. (Here, the modal verb can helps to express the idea of ability.) Lee might eat that pie before he gets home. (Here, the modal verb might helps to express the idea of possibility

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Phrasal Verb A phrasal verb is a verb made up of more than one word (usually two words). A phrasal verb has a main verb and another word (either a preposition or a particle). The phrasal verb usually has a meaning different to the main verb. For example:A burglar will often break a window to break in. (Here, the phrasal verb break in means to enter illegally, which is different to break.) If you drop the baton the team will drop back to last place. (Here, the phrasal verb drop back means to fall behind, which is different todrop.)

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Regular verbs A regular verb is one that forms its simple past tense and its past participle by adding -ed or -d to the base form of the verb. For example:

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Irregular Verbs An irregular verb is one that does not conform to this ruling. For example:

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Choose the correct form of the verb that agrees with the subject. 1.The movie, including all the previews, (take, takes) about two hours to watch. 2.The Prime Minister, together with his wife, (greets, greet) the press cordially.  3.Every one of those books (is, are) fiction. 4.Nobody (know, knows) the trouble I've seen.

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