Презентация Use of Articles

Категория: Английский язык


500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500500

Вы можете ознакомиться и скачать презентацию на тему Use of Articles. Доклад-сообщение содержит 25 слайдов. Презентации для любого класса можно скачать бесплатно. Если материал и наш сайт презентаций Mypresentation Вам понравились – поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте в закладки в своем браузере.


Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1
Описание слайда:
Use of Articles

Слайд 2
Описание слайда:
There are three articles in English: definite - the two indefinite - a/an «zero» article

Слайд 3
Описание слайда:
The articles may stand immediately before a noun: The articles may stand immediately before a noun: she is an artist The articles may be separated from the noun with adverb or adjective: a beautiful young woman

Слайд 4
Описание слайда:
Indefinite a + singular noun beginning with a consonant: a reaction an+ singular noun beginning with a vowel: an act a + singular noun beginning with a consonant sound (even though it may start with a vowel letter): a uniform (same sound as in young or yesterday)

Слайд 5
Описание слайда:
A/an are used with nouns only in the singular in the following cases: A/an are used with nouns only in the singular in the following cases: if a subject or a person mentioned for the first time: Give me a pen (any) 2. if there is a descriptive adjective before a noun: a loud bang 3. English requires the presence of indefinite articles to indicate membership: • religion: Maria Ramirez is a Roman Catholic from the NY archdiocese. profession: I am a lawyer. nation: Mr. Brown is an Englishman who immigrated to this country in 1959.

Слайд 6
Описание слайда:
4. with nouns in constructions: there is/ this is/ that is/ it is: 4. with nouns in constructions: there is/ this is/ that is/ it is: This is a computer. There is a rose in the vase 5. with nouns in combination with the adjective “such”: such a day, such a car etc. 6. In exclamations, before countable nouns in the singular after words: what, such, rather, quite, as: What a hot day! Such a pity!  7. With nouns preceded by the word “half”: half an hour, half a day etc.

Слайд 7
Описание слайда:
8. Words “one and ones” and all phrases beginning with these words (such as one-sided, once-over): 8. Words “one and ones” and all phrases beginning with these words (such as one-sided, once-over): a one-parent family, a one-way trip 9. If abbreviations begin with the letters: F, H, L, M, N, R, S or X, and the pronunciation of these letters starts with a vowel sound: an MBA degree, an FBI agent etc. 10. With some words and phrases indicating the number of: a couple, a dozen, а hundred, a great deal of 11. in phrases used to express price, speed, ratio: five реnсе a kilo, kilometres an hour

Слайд 8
Описание слайда:

Слайд 9
Описание слайда:
Definite English requires the use of the definite article THE before singular and plural nouns to indicate specific reference. Compare: A dog bit the plaintiff. (any dog; either you do not need to specify which dog you are referring to or you simply don't know)  vs.  The dog bit the plaintiff. (a specific dog; both you and your reader/listener know which dog you are referring to) 

Слайд 10
Описание слайда:
If an object or phenomenon has a description: If an object or phenomenon has a description: the image he projects does not favor his case 2. If an object or person is mentioned in the context before: This is a house. The house is very old. 3. Before nouns that are one of a kind: the sun, the world, the sky 4. In combination with adjectives in the superlative degree: the best friend, the longest trip etc.

Слайд 11
Описание слайда:
5. In combination with ordinal numerals: 5. In combination with ordinal numerals: the first day, the second chance etc. 6. Before nouns + words: same, very, only, next, last: Read the same text.  You are the very man I am looking for. 7. With nouns denoting names of waterfalls, Straits, mountain ranges, groups of Islands, cardinal directions, rivers, seas, oceans, deserts: the Thames, the Atlantic Ocean, the Alps, the Bermudas, the English Channel, the Gulf Stream, the Suez Canal, the Niagara Falls, in the north; in the south; in the east; in the west, The Sahara Desert etc.

Слайд 12
Описание слайда:
8. With country names consisting of several words, including the following: Federation, Republic, Union, state, Kingdom: 8. With country names consisting of several words, including the following: Federation, Republic, Union, state, Kingdom: the German Federal Republic, the USA, the UK etc. 9. With nouns denoting names of hotels, theaters, museums, ships: the Hilton, the Covent Garden, the Titanic, the Bolshoy Theatre etc 10. With nouns denoting names of newspapers: the Financial Times, the Daily Mail etc.

Слайд 13
Описание слайда:
11. In the structure of stable combinations: 11. In the structure of stable combinations: to play the piano/ the violin / the guitar / the cello etc., to tell the truth, to go to the cinema/ theatre, to listen to the radio, the other way 12. With surnames, if a surname is plural and refers to the entire family: the Smiths, the Browns etc.

Слайд 14
Описание слайда:

Слайд 15
Описание слайда:
Zero article Usually before a noun in the plural (before a noun in the singular indefinite article can be consumed): Children usually go to school at the age of 6 2. Before names and before nouns designating titles: Professor N., General B., Queen Y 3. Before names of sciences, subjects, languages: Не studies history and English 4. Before abstract nouns: I like music

Слайд 16
Описание слайда:
5. Before uncountable nouns for use in their neutral, shared value: advice, information, news, furniture, tea, coffee etc. Such words as: some, any, a little, a lot of, a piece of etc. are often used in front of them: 5. Before uncountable nouns for use in their neutral, shared value: advice, information, news, furniture, tea, coffee etc. Such words as: some, any, a little, a lot of, a piece of etc. are often used in front of them: I'll give you a piece of advice 6. Before nouns, followed by the cardinal numbers denoting the number: Open page 12. We live in flat 27 7. In sustained phrases and expressions: by land, by sea, by car, by heart, in debt, at night, in trouble, by dinner, in time, on sale, from time to time

Слайд 17
Описание слайда:
8. Before words church, school, college, hospital, prison, work, sea, bed, home if these words are used for their intended purpose: 8. Before words church, school, college, hospital, prison, work, sea, bed, home if these words are used for their intended purpose: We go to church to pray 9. Before nouns denoting days of the week: Monday, Sunday 10. Names of streets and squares: Red Square, Trafalgar Square, Regent Street etc. 11. With nouns in combination with the prepositions “from ....to, from .... till”: from beginning to end, from north to south, from nothing till everything

Слайд 18
Описание слайда:
THE USE OF ARTICLES WITH PROPER NOUNS THE USE OF ARTICLES WITH PROPER NOUNS Do's geographical areas (the South, the Middle East, the Far West) names of seas, oceans and rivers (the Mediterranean, the Atlantic, the Hudson) gulfs, peninsulas, forests, and deserts ( the Persian Gulf, the Valdez Peninsula, the Black Forest, the Sahara) points on the globe (the Capricorn, the South Pole) Don’ts names of countries (Argentina, Ireland, Iraq), but the US, the Netherlands, the Gambia, the Bahamas  names of continents (America, Africa) names of states, towns or cities (Illinois, Edison, Philadelphia) names of streets (Main St., Astoria Blvd., Jewel Ave.) names of islands (Fire Island) but: the Hebrides, the Faroe Islands (island chains) names of mountains (Mount Sinai, Mount Fuji) but: the Andes or the Alps (ranges of mountains) names of lakes and bays (Lake Ontario, San Francisco Bay) but: the Great Lakes (a group of lakes)

Слайд 19
Описание слайда:
I’d like … chicken sandwich and … glass of … mineral water. I’d like … chicken sandwich and … glass of … mineral water. Would you like … banana or … strawberries? She always has … apple, … toast and … cup of … coffee for … breakfast. The fly is on … ceiling in … kitchen. My mother is … accountant and my father is … lawyer. They work in … same company in … centre of … our town How much are … her Italian lessons? – Ten dollars … hour.

Слайд 20
Описание слайда:
7. I come to … work by … bus. Today … bus was a bit late. 7. I come to … work by … bus. Today … bus was a bit late. 8. … Jack is … youngest but … cleverest boy at … school. 9. It rained, so I stayed at … home in … evening. But today … sun is shining brightly in … sky. 10. On … Monday … kids were tired and they went to … bed very early. 11. My wife is … best woman in … world and I’m … happiest husband! 12. They are having … test on … third of December. 13. What … beautiful painting! … artist is such … talented person!

Слайд 21
Описание слайда:
14. … Cairo is … capital of … Egypt 14. … Cairo is … capital of … Egypt 15. It was so picturesque in … Crimea … last summer 16. ... London stands on … Thames. 17. I had … my holiday in … northern Italy … last year but I’m going to cross … Atlantic ocean and visit … USA … next year. 18. … Moon moves round … Earth. 19. … Great Patriotic war started in 1941. 20. … Volga is … longest river in … Russia. 21. … Ukraine and … Turkey are separated by … Black sea. 22. My friend usually goes to … Alps in … spring by … plane. 23. … Urals are lower than … Caucasus. 24. … Great Britain is situated on … two large islands.

Слайд 22
Описание слайда:
a, a, - a, a, - a, - an, a, a, -, - the, the an, a, the, the, - -, an -, -, the -, the, the, - -, the, the, the -, the, - the, the, the a, the a, the, a -, the, - the, - -, the -, -, -, the, the, - the, the the the, the, - the, -, the the, -, - the, the -, -

Слайд 23
Описание слайда:
Just to confirm (1) __________ rushed phone conversation we had today, I've been served with (2) __________ complaint from (3) __________ Small Claims Part of (4) __________ Civil Court brought by (5) __________ shopper against Loman's for (6) __________ breach of (7) __________ contract on (8) __________ theory that she came to our main branch last month in (9) __________ response to (10) __________ ad for (11) __________ leather coats and that we "failed to have (12) __________ merchandise to sell at (13) __________ advertised price." We had advertised these coats in one of our recent circulars. (14) __________ text of (15) __________ advertisement is part of (16) __________ FAX I sent previously to your office. Just to confirm (1) __________ rushed phone conversation we had today, I've been served with (2) __________ complaint from (3) __________ Small Claims Part of (4) __________ Civil Court brought by (5) __________ shopper against Loman's for (6) __________ breach of (7) __________ contract on (8) __________ theory that she came to our main branch last month in (9) __________ response to (10) __________ ad for (11) __________ leather coats and that we "failed to have (12) __________ merchandise to sell at (13) __________ advertised price." We had advertised these coats in one of our recent circulars. (14) __________ text of (15) __________ advertisement is part of (16) __________ FAX I sent previously to your office.

Слайд 24
Описание слайда:
Just to confirm (1) the rushed phone conversation we had today, I've been served with (2) a complaint from (3) the Small Claims Part of (4) 0 Civil Court brought by (5) a shopper against Loman's for (6) a breach of (7) 0 contract on (8) the theory that she came to our main branch last month in (9) 0 response to (10) an ad for (11) 0 leather coats and that we "failed to have (12) the merchandise to sell at (13) the advertised price." We had advertised these coats in one of our recent circulars. (14) The text of (15) the advertisement is part of (16) the FAX I sent previously to your office Just to confirm (1) the rushed phone conversation we had today, I've been served with (2) a complaint from (3) the Small Claims Part of (4) 0 Civil Court brought by (5) a shopper against Loman's for (6) a breach of (7) 0 contract on (8) the theory that she came to our main branch last month in (9) 0 response to (10) an ad for (11) 0 leather coats and that we "failed to have (12) the merchandise to sell at (13) the advertised price." We had advertised these coats in one of our recent circulars. (14) The text of (15) the advertisement is part of (16) the FAX I sent previously to your office

Слайд 25
Описание слайда:
Thank you! Thank you!



Теги Use of Articles
Похожие презентации

Mypresentation.ru

Загрузить презентацию