Презентация MAIN trends in phoneme theory

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MAIN trends in phoneme theory PHYSICAL VIEW FUNCTIONAL VIEW

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PHYSICAL VIEW A phoneme may be described roughly as a family of sounds consisting of an important sound of the language (generally the most frequently used member of that family) together with other related sounds which 'take its place' in particular sound-sequences or under particular conditions of length or stress or intonation. – Daniel Jones, “An Outline of English Phonetics”

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PHYSICAL VIEW A phoneme is a class of phonetically similar sounds, contrasting and mutually exclusive with all similar classes in the language. – B. Bloch and G. Trager

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Lena cleans a pool. Lena cleans a pool. [lʲi:nə klʲ˳i:nz ə pʰu:ɫ] lʲ, lʲ˳, ɫ - members of the “family” of the phoneme /l/.

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CRITISIZING A phoneme is a mechanical sum of its allophones.

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TO SUM UP

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FUNCTIONAL VIEW

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R. Jakobson AND M. Halle DISTINCTIVE FEATURE THEORY All features are privative (i.e. binary). There is a difference between phonetic and phonological features: distinctive features are phonological. phonetic features are surface realizations of underlying phonological features. A small set of features is able to differentiate between the phonemes of any single language. Distinctive features may be defined in terms of articulatory or acoustic features.

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DISTINCTIVE FEATURES In 1956, Jakobson and Halle devised 12 distinctive features.

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TO SUM UP



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